Research at the Department of Neurosurgery focuses on the major neurosurgical diseases, on patient treatment, and developments in patient care and logistics.
The department houses the Center for Experimental Neuroscience which focuses on development of large animal models for neurological, neurosurgical, and psychiatric disorders. The animal models serve as a test platform for new treatments and technical developments within the neurological and neurosurgical specialities.
The Center for Experimental Neuroscience (CENSE) is part of the Danish Neuroscience Center (DNC) at Aarhus University Hospital that excels in translational research from molecule to man.
The Department of Neurosurgery has established an interdisciplinary research team to strengthen the neurosurgical area of specialisation through interdisciplinary research and development. Work is carried out to ensure and further develop the active research environment in collaboration with Danish Neuroscience Center.
The interdisciplinary research team works to make the neurosurgical research visible through publication in scientific journals and through presentation in printed and electronic media. We work to strengthen the collaboration between the university-based research units and other relevant research units, both nationally and internationally.
- Large animal models of neurological, neurosurgical and psychiatric diseases are the focus of Center for Experimental Neuroscience.
- Research in neuromodulation treatments for Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor and dystonia has been a focus of the department for nearly two decades. New developments in electrode techniques and patient flow have been undertaken.
- Neurointensive care development and innovation in collaboration with private partners is another focus area of the department where nursing staff, engineers and doctors take part in improving neurointensive care and treatment. The primary focus has been on the brain trauma patient.
A newly innovative concept in all the neuro-intensive three-bed patient rooms helps patients with acute brain injury back to life faster. The therapeutic environment consists of circadian lighting, systematic and controlled information, playing music and shielding of the individual patient. The results on patient outcome will be published in autum 2018.
- Nursing research is carried out to describe the needs of patients suffering from a malignant brain tumor. Patient needs regarding information, communication and support are identified and documented on the patients journey through out the accelerated cancer treatment and care. The results are published in 2018 and will be used to optimize the brain cancer pathway in the department as well as in Aarhus University Hospital.
- Research in neuromodulation for pain is done in collaboration with the Danish Pain Research Center and the Center for Experimental Neuroscience. Deep brain stimulation for intractable chronic neuropathic pain has been one of the new development areas.
The clinical treatment is now supported by the Aarhus University Hospital Neuromodulation Database.
- Research in spinal cord injury and congenital spinal cord disorders such as spinal dysraphism is another focus area of the department.
- Diffusion tensor imaging for mapping of brain pathways in relation to tumour surgery in the brain, and in relation to electrode placements in deep brain stimulation.